History of the primary school
Snoeng commune is located in the northwest of Cambodia. The village is approximately 23 km from the nearest major city of Battambang. Few schools in Cambodia have access to safe water sources on school grounds, adequate sanitation facilities, and an option to wash their hands.
Clean and adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (Water Sanitation Hygiene – WasH) prevent the spread of disease. Adequate hand hygiene, and knowledge of it, reduces disease transmission. WASH facilities play an important role in preventing infection and saving lives.
Lack of WasH puts the health of students and teachers at risk. Especially with the additional threat of Sars-Covid19, quick and consistent action is very important. There are 450 students attending the primary school. They are taught by 16 teachers.
The children have hardly any access to clean water and / or sanitary facilities. The current situation COVID-19 worldwide shows us how important the right hygiene measures are.
Condition of the school before the retrofit
Existing resources and their use
There are two rain catchment tanks (capacity 6,000 l each). The rain catchment tanks are leaking and not functional. In addition, there is a well and a small pond on the school grounds. The water from the pond and the well can be used as utility water and is available to the school during the rainy season (June-October). This water is mainly used for the latrines, their cleaning and hand washing (no hand washing stations available). However, the water is not enough to cover the daily needs of the students. When the water is used up, the school buys impure and untreated water from a tanker, if funds are available.
During the dry season (November-May) there is no water, so the school is dependent on buying water. According to the school director, there is no water for at least five months of the year.
If there is little/no water available the latrines are put out of service. Children are forced to defecate behind the school in very limited space.
There are no hand washing stations available. The students have no opportunity to wash their hands.
There is no drinking water available for the students.
General condition of the school (cleanliness / maintenance)
Unfortunately, there has been no training in the area of water/hygiene/environment. Accordingly, garbage is inadequately disposed of. There is a lack of hardware, understanding and knowledge.
Conversion of the school
- Rainwater collection tank, incl. foundation and piping: 2 pcs. with 35,000 l
- Latrine (toilet): 3 pcs. (divided for girls and boys). The standard according to Ministry of Education & Sport is one toilet for every 50 girls and one toilet for every 100 boys. We install an additional urinal for the boys.
- professional cleaning and repair of the existing toilet blocks
- Hand washing stations: 12 pcs. will be installed in front of the toilets and at the entrance. In addition, the used water will be used for watering the plants.
- 2 Waste disposal system
- Handover ceremony of the WaSH system
- Follow-up, transport
- Training of teachers and students
- Training of the director and first teacher in maintenance work, upkeep
- Training of teachers in hygiene and handling of WaSH system
- Training of students in hygiene and handling of WaSH system
Testing of drinking water quality
Monitoring & Evaluation
Cost per child, for an effective and sustainable elimination of the inhumane conditions, 43,34 €.